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Rules And Regulations

Since we operate in an industry where the highest levels of safety and security are crucial, many regulatory bodies and organizations play a role in the oversight and regulation of Canada's air carriers.

Transport Canada

Transport Canada is the federal government department responsible for transportation policies and programs in Canada. The department's Civil Aviation directorate is responsible for rulemaking and oversight of the Canadian civil aviation system.

Transport Canada is responsible for administering all relevant laws and regulations:

  • the Aeronautics Act, the legislation which governs Canadian aviation safety and provides a basis for all aviation regulations.
  • the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) which include all regulations governing civil aviation safety in Canada.
  • standards which are incorporated by reference in the CARs.
  • Advisory Materials providing non-compulsory guidance regarding regulations and standards.
  • many other Acts related to air transportation.

Transport Canada also oversees air carriers' certifications, program approvals and compliance with environmental commitments.

Visit the Transport Canada, Civil Aviation website for more information:

Nav Canada

NAV CANADA is a private sector company which provides air traffic control and additional air navigation services to airlines and aircraft operators in Canadian-controlled airspace.

The company's safety performance is regulated by Transport Canada.

Visit the NAV CANADA website for more information:

Canadian Air Transport Security Authority

The Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA) is the Crown corporation responsible for the implementation of the air transport security rules established by Transport Canada in the wake of 9/11, especially passenger and baggage screening.

CATSA reports to Parliament through the Minister of Transport and is regulated by Transport Canada according to security standards developed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

CATSA shares responsibility for screening and security measures with air carriers, airport operators, police, and several federal government departments and agencies.

Visit the CATSA website for more information:

Canada Border Services Agency

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) is responsible for maintaining security, safety and the free flow of persons and goods across all of Canada's borders. Under this mandate, the CBSA provides border services at airports, notably the clearance of international passengers.

The CBSA is part of the federal government's Public Safety portfolio, but it administers more than 90 acts, regulations and international agreements, many on behalf of other Canadian federal and provincial entities.

Visit the CBSA website for more information:

Canadian Transportation Agency

The Canadian Transportation Agency (CTA) is an independent, administrative tribunal of the Government of Canada that operates like a court to resolve disputes, improve access and make decisions in questions of economic regulation with regard to transportation. Click here for a full list of the agency's many responsibilities in the air transportation sector.

Visit the CTA website for more information:

US and International

In order to operate abroad, Canadian airlines must hold licenses and comply with all civil aviation laws and regulations of the jurisdictions they fly through.

The Federal Aviation Administration governs civil aviation in the U.S.A.